- CBD, CBDA, CBN, CBG, and CBC – What’s the Difference?
There are 100+ cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. That means there is the potential to discover significantly more benefits than have already been sourced from this extraordinary plant. You have probably heard of CBD by now, but have not heard of any other cannabinoids. There are several others that have started to be studied, with some interesting differences already being discovered.
We are going to go over 5 different cannabinoids: CBD, CBDA, CBN, CBG, and CBC. Here is how they differ:
CBD is the most well-known non-psychoactive cannabinoid. It stands for cannabidiol and has extensive use-cases. Studies have shown that CBD may be used for treating the following:
- Muscle aches
- Chronic pain
CBDA stands for cannabidiolic acid. It’s produced within the stems, leaves, and flowers of certain cannabis plants. This is considered to be a precursor to the well-known CBD since it can turn into CBD by heating or smoking cannabis. That is why it’s generally only available for use when juicing parts of the cannabis plant. They are very similar in their molecular structure, which indicates their properties are probably also similar. While research on CBDA is still minimal, it has been found to be effective in treating inflammation.
CBN stands for cannabinol. Its claim to fame is that it was the very first cannabinoid ever isolated by researchers. This one gets made when THC becomes heated or exposed to oxygen. It also appears as the plant gets older. Unlike THC, it is non-psychoactive. It weakly binds to cannabinoid receptors, yet it has shown promise in helping people sleep better.
CBG is the abbreviation for cannabigerol. It is the precursor to both CBD and THC. When exposed to light or heat it begins to break down into those two. Cannabis plants generally have very little CBG contained within them – usually under 1%. However, since it interacts with CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain, it is considered to potentially boost dopamine, leading to better sleep, mood, and appetite. It may also block GABAuptake and serotonin receptors, which could help people with anxiety and depression.
Found over 50 years ago, cannabichromene (CBC) shows plenty of promise for medicinal use. It stems from CBDA when it gets exposed to light or heat. It is non-psychoactive and potentially can help reduce pain. That is because it binds to vanilloid receptor 1 and transient receptor potential ankyrin 1. These are connected to how we experience pain. There is the potential of reducing pain more effectively and safely than common painkillers available today.
These are just five of the 100+ cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. While research is still limited for most of these, there are some promising signs indicating they may provide a plethora of medicinal benefits.